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Iraq 2014 Crisis Timeline

Home > Conflict with ISIS > 2014 Timeline

September 2014

September 7, 2014. The pentagon released a statement that airstrikes were supporting Iraqi Army forces protecting the Haditha Dam in the western province of Anbar - acknowledging air strikes in a part of Iraq not bombed previously in 2014 by U.S. aircraft.

September 3, 2014. President Obama ordered 350 more troops to Iraq with the mission to protect the embassy in Baghdad.

September 2, 2014. The seige of the northern town of Amerli by fighters of the Islamic State (IS) was finally broken by a combination of Iraqi Army units, Shia militia, and Peshmerga. They were aided by humanitarian airdrops and tactical airstrikes of the United States military (along with Australia, France, and Britain). Amerli will likely be a launching pad for the retaking of the northern province of Salahuddin which was captured by Islamic State militants in June 2014.

August 2014

Early August. The Islamic State forces attack Kurd positions along their shared 600 mile front. A few days later Kurd forces go on a counteroffensive against the Islamic State forces; but with limited success.

7 August. The Obama administration decides to allow limited airstrikes against ISIS in support of Kurd positions around Erbil and to provide humanitarian assistance airdrops of food and water to Yazidis refugees trapped on Sinjar Mountain in northwestern Iraq. The air strikes said to have a 'temporary effect'. 2.

10 August. The National Alliance has nominated an alternate Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi (from Maliki's Dawa Party), and Iraq's President Fuad Masum has asked al-Abadi to form a new government. However, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has said he will not give up power and has order security forces to take control of the Green Zone in Baghdad. 1.

11 August. Iraq's president names a new prime minister to replace Nuri al-Maliki; however it appears Maliki will not yield to Haidar al-Abadi peacefully.

12 August. 100 more military advisors (mix of Marines and special operations) arrive in Erbil to assist in humanitarian aid for the Yazidis religious sect. 3. This brings the total number of U.S. military personnel to about 1,000.

13 August. Four U.S. V-22 Osprey (tiltrotor) aircraft with military personnel arrive at Arbil Airport.

13 August. Special Forces and USAID representatives, transported by V-22 Ospreys, spent 24 hours on Sinjar Mountain assessing the situtation. There are about a few thousand displaced personnel remaining on the mountain.

14 August. Iraq Prime Ministe Nouri al-Maliki has agreed to step down from his position paving the way for the deputy prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, to become Prime Minister. 5. This, of course,was a huge relief not only to those within Iraq but the international community as well.

July 2014

US Advisors Sent to Iraq. As of late July 2014 there were about 242 advisers in Iraq performing assessments on the ability of the Iraqi Army to fight the Islamic State. (See more on the U.S. intervention in Iraq 2014).

Caliphate Established. The ISIL jihadist declare a new caliphate consisting of parts of Iraq and Syria known as the Islamic State.

9 July. Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani sends a letter to leaders of Maliki's Dawa party saying he sees " . . .  the need to speed up the selection of a new prime minister who has wide national acceptance". Millions of Iraqis regard Sistani as their most important religious guide. 4.

Late July. Kurdish forces stay on the sidelines and maintain a defensive mode. At the same time the Iraq central government refuses to provide arms, equipment, supplies and money to the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG).

Spring 2014

Spring 2014. Sunni tribal groups allied with the jihadist ISIL go on the offensive and take vast areas of northern Iraq to include the second largest city of Mosul. At least four Iraqi Army divisions crumble under the assault of numerically smaller forces.

Other Timelines on the Internet

EPIC Blog Timeline.

Iraq Profile - A chronology of Key Events - BBC News Middle East

Timeline of the Iraq War (2003-2010) - Wikipedia


1. For more on Maliki not giving up the power see Iraq's President Selects Haider al Abadi as Prime Minister as Maliki Shows Force in Baghdad, Institute for the Study of War Iraq Updates, August 11, 2014 at this link.

2. See "Pentagon: US airstrikes won't weaken ISIS", The Hill, August 11, 2014 at this link.

3. See "Obama orders more than 100 advisers to Iraq", The Hill, August 12, 2014 at this link.

4. See "A letter fro Sistani turned the tide against Iraq's leader", The Washington Post, August 13, 2014 at this link.

5. See "Iraq's al-Maliki to step down as prime minister", The Hill, August 14, 2014 at this link.

6. See "Iraqi Forces Break Seige of Northern Town", Voice of America, August 31, 2014 at this link.


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